Author: Sea to Summit x Oboz Footwear
Here's how to take care of all the gross stuff on the trail.
When we first enter the world of hiking and camping we need to re-think a lot of what we know about keeping clean and personal hygiene. Does a bear poop in the woods? Yes, and so do humans – but humans have to learn how to do it properly. The thing is, if you're like me, you'd probably rather chew glass than ask another hiker for personal hygiene tips.
However. it's important to know how to take care of business out on the trail. While it's no big deal to stink. it's another thing to end up with a nasty stomach bug in the middle of nowhere because you didn't know any better.
With that said, we teamed up with our friends at Oboz to do you a solid (pun intended). Let's run through all the personal hygiene situations you'll need to troubleshoot on the trail.
BE PREPARED TO LEAVE NO TRACE.
When you're out in the wild, it's easy to not think about what happens to your waste But we need to remember the lasting impact we can have on the natural environment.
As a hiker and all-round-nice-person. it's your responsibility to leave trails and campgrounds exactly as you found them by following the seven rules of Leave No Trace:
1. Plan ahead and prepare
2. Travel and camp on durable surfaces
3. Dispose of waste properly
4. Leave what you find
5. Minimize campfire impacts (be careful with fire)
6. Respect wildfire
7. Be considerate of traditional landowners and other visitors
By following the Leave No Trace philosophy, you're doing your bit to protect the wilderness so future hikers can also soak up the same pristine beauty you got to enjoy.
how to keep clean and leave no trace
Point 3 above says ‘dispose of waste properly’. In towns and cities, we've got facilities like sewage treatment plants, recycle centers and trash collection services to manage these things. Out in the wilderness? Not so much.
That's why you need to educate yourself about proper disposal of human waste, the kinds of personal care products you bring with you into the wilderness, and how to use them.
I remember on my first ever backpacking trip, I'd just finished brushing my teeth. I didn't know where to spit the toothpaste so I panicked and just spat it on the ground. I knew I'd done the wrong thing but l had no idea what else I was supposed to do. These days. I spit it into my trash bag and pack it out with me.
Many people make mistakes when they first start hiking. as I did. This blog post will help you get ahead of the power curve: the faster you'll learn and the less impact you'll have on the hiking trail.
Okay, you filthy animals. Let's jump into everything you need to stay clean on the trail while leaving no trace.
poop, wee and tp
When you need to pee, find a spot at least 70 adult steps (200 feet) from any water source and let it flow.
Poop is more complicated. When nature calls, you’ll need to dig a 8 inch-deep hole (the same depth of a pocket trowel) at least 70 steps from your camp, the trail, and any waterways. The best site is somewhere sunny with loose soil because these conditions will make the waste decompose a lot faster.
If you’re trying to break through hard or rocky ground, there’s nothing worse than trying to dig a cathole with a stick. Get yourself a lightweight alloy pocket trowel and you’ll have a 5-star loo in no time.
More hardened folk can get by with leaves but I’m just not ready to give up my TP. It’s a good idea to store it in a waterproof bag or a specially made waterproof toilet roll holder like the Ultra-Sil Outhouse. The Ultra-Sil Outhouse can be hung on a tree branch near your freshly dug hole and its bright color signals for other campers to give you a wide berth.
Make sure your fill in all your toilet holes properly. I beg you. Depending on where you are, it might be okay to bury or burn biodegradable toilet paper but the best practice is to carry it out with you in a tightly sealed bag.
OUT FOR A DAY HIKE?
Do one better than a cat hole and pack-out your poop in a WAG bag.
Empty out any soapy water on the ground about 70 steps away (200 feet) from any waterways, scattering the water as broadly as possible.
You’re more likely to pick up a stomach bug on a camping trip than you are when you’re at home. Don’t forget to wash your hands after using the toilet and before handling food.
Beyond washing, carry a Trek & Travel Hand Cleaning Gel in your pack and make sure everyone in the group uses it after using the toilet. No exceptions.
While you might have to forgo a few luxuries on a camping trip or hike, a shower doesn’t need to be one of them. If you’ve got access to a fair bit of water, you can take a refreshing shower with the Pocket Shower and scrub up with the Trek & Travel Liquid Body Wash or Trek & Travel Body Wash Soap Leaves.
Just like the handwashing soap, it’s fine to let this soap touch the ground—just don’t let it near any lakes or streams. That also means you shouldn’t take a bath in a lake with any soap.
If a camp shower isn’t on the cards or it’s too cold to strip off, opt for a ‘trail shower’ and just clean your body with biodegradable Wilderness Wipes.
WASHING YOUR HAIR
When you’re moving from place to place, you don’t want a towel that takes forever and a day to dry. If you put a damp towel in your pack, it will make everything stink. If you’re packing for a backpacking trip, make sure you bring a quick-drying towel like the Pocket Towel or the almost weightless Airlite Towel. Absolutely worth the couple of ounces in your pack.
BRUSHING YOUR TEETH
Brush your teeth as you would at home but spit it out into your trash bag and pack it out with you. Of course, plenty of hikers choose to just spray the toothpaste out over as wide an area as possible. The goal is to make sure you don’t spit out a big blob of toothpaste.
dealing with your period
I feel like every time I go camping, my period makes an unwelcome surprise visit.
Before you head out into the wilderness, pick up a menstrual cup (and maybe some absorbent period underwear). You only need to empty the cup out twice a day and you can clean it with water. Empty it out into a cathole, clean the cup with soapy water and dump that water into the cathole too. As always, fill in your cathole before moving on.
If menstrual cups don’t work for you, remember to pack out any sanitary products you use.
WASHING AND DRYING YOUR CLOTHES
If you’re only going on a trek for a few days, you probably won’t need to do any laundry. However, if you’re on a backpacking trip for a week or more, the stink can become unbearable.
To wash your clothes in the wilderness, use a dry bag, water and some Trek & Travel Liquid Laundry Wash. If you’re in a place with a lot of mosquitoes, consider using our Citronella Wilderness Wash to repel mosquitoes naturally. Wash your clothes in the sink or bag with the soap, empty the dirty water out and rinse with clean water.
When you’re done, wring them out thoroughly and hang them out to dry on our nifty 11-foot long, clothes pin free Clothesline (it weighs just 25g and rolls up into the tiniest pouch imaginable). This one is high visibility—so you won’t literally clothesline yourself on your way to the toilet at night.
Don’t wash your clothes directly in streams or lakes. Even biodegradable soaps can affect the health of the organisms in the water.
keeping your sleep system clean
OK, this isn’t a personal hygiene or Leave No Trace tip. But - if you want your sleeping bag to last a long time and maintain its thermal performance, you need to keep it clean. A machine washable sleeping liner will go a long way to keeping dirt and grime out of your sleeping bag’s insulation.
I particularly love using these when I need to borrow or rent a sleeping bag. People sweat a lot when they sleep and there are no guarantees they’ve ever washed their bag. No one wants to sleep in a bag of someone else’s sweat.
washing your dishes
Carry out any waste that won’t break down in the soil with the durable Trash Dry Sack. This leakproof dry bag won’t spill in your pack or all over the campsite. Line it with a biodegradable plastic bag and attach it to the outside of your pack. Keep the bag sealed and away from your food supply to avoid cross-contamination and attracting wildlife.
what not to bring
bulky toiletries and cleaning products
When you’re packing for a hiking trip, you want to keep that backpack as light and space efficient as possible. Don’t bring big bottles of soap or toiletries. Look for high-concentration alternatives in small, pocket-sized bottles instead.
This might be a hard one to hear (or smell) but it’s best to leave the deodorant at home. The smell can attract animals to your camp who’ll do just about anything for a free lunch.
Soap with synthetic materials can wreak havoc on the biological balance of delicate wilderness ecosystems. It’s best to bring environmentally friendly alternatives, and make sure you dispose of soapy water 70 paces away from the closest water source.
KEEPING BOOTS AND INSOLES FRESH
The above post mentions using a liner to keep a sleeping bag clean, and includes tips for washing clothes. When it comes to looking after gear, a really supportive and comfortable pair of shoes is less likely to get your attention. Airing out and – on a longer trip – cleaning and waterproofing your footwear will keep your shoes fresher and your feet healthier.
We reached out to our colleagues at Oboz footwear for their tips and suggestions – here are their thoughts:
- Air out your footwear whenever possible. This allows the boots to dry from any sweat/moisture build up, and allows your feet to breathe better.
- When airing out your hiking shoes, remove the insole completely, and place the boots to dry in a cool, shaded spot. Do not put boots directly on a heat source or in the beating, hot sun. Remember that rodents are attracted to the salt in sweat – so do not leave the insoles where they may invite attention from backcountry critters.
- When you get home, or on a ‘zero’ day of a longer thru-hike, we always recommend cleaning and waterproofing your footwear as needed or seasonally.
- Make sure you are using the appropriate socks for long days on your feet. Merino Wool doesn’t mean old-school thick, itchy cabin socks. It’s a material that wicks moisture away from the skin, controls temperature, and best of all, does not retain odors like synthetics.
- Keep your socks clean on your journey (see the point above on washing clothes). Clean, dry merino socks will prevent chafing and possible blisters.
Whether you’re on your first or fiftieth hiking trip, we can all learn more about being more hygienic and responsible outdoors. Ask more experienced hikers – or your mates at the Ask Baz team – for tips on the best ways to stay healthy and minimize your impact on wilderness areas.